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with “greenfingers” Malcolm Campbell


Malcolm W. Campbell is a sole trader ABN 48 639 428 626 © 2017  

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Seed Viabilities

Seed Viabilities

Name

Viability Period

Optimal Germ.

Days to Germ.

Special treatmnet prior to sowing

Angelica

0.5 yr

15-21°C

21-25

stratify for 6 weeks in crisper of fridge, then sow.

Artichokes, Globe, French

3 yrs

15-24°C

12-18

none

Asparagus

1 yr

24-30°C

14-21

soak seed in warm water for 48 hours, then sow in dark.

Basils, Sweet, Thai, Lemon, Purple, Anise

2 yrs

21-25°C

7-10

none

Beans, French, Snap, String, Snake, Kidney, Wax, Broad

2 yrs

20-25°C

5-10

some varieties need inoculation with nitrogen rhizobium or bacterium

Beetroot, Red Beet

4 yrs

12-25°C

8-18

soak in warm waterfor 12 hours

Bitter Melon, Murop Dong, Kerala

5 yrs

25-35°C

5-7

sow direct

Bok Choy, Mustard Greens, Chinese Cabbage

5 yrs

6-22°C

8-12

none

Borage

3 yrs

8-18°C

7-10

needs dark to germinate & sow direct

Broccoli, heading & perpetual types, Kailaan or Chinese Broccoli

5 yrs

18-24°C

10

seed needs sunlight to germinate

Brussels Sprouts

5 yrs

20-24°C

10

none

Cabbages, heading types

5 yrs

18-25°C

10-14

none

Cai Baphao, Chinese White Cabbage, Pak Choy

5 yrs

20-30°C

8-12

none

Capsicums, Sweet Bell Peppers, Sweet Hungarian

4 yrs

22-27°C

10-12

seed needs sunlight to germinate

Carrot

3 yrs

6-24°C

14-21

sow direct

Cauliflower

5 yrs

20-25°C

10-14

none

Celeriac, Turnip-rooted Celery

6 yrs

20-24°C

21-25

none

Celery

6 yrs

20-24°C

21-25

none

Chervil

3 yrs

14-21°C

7-14

sow direct

Chick Pea, Garbanzo Bean, Ceci

10 yrs

20-25°C

6-10

needs inoculation with nitrogen-fixing rhizobium or bacterium

Chilli Hot Peppers

4 yrs

20-25°C

16-18

seed need sunlight to germinate

Chives, Chinese, Kau Tsoi, He, Garlic

2 yrs

20-25°C

7-14

none

Coriander, Cilantro, Chinese Parsley, Dhania, Ngó

3 yrs

10-28°C

7-12

seeds need dark to germinate and sow direct

Cucumbers, Apple, Continental, Lebanese

7 yrs

20-25°C

7-10

sow direct

Daikon, Japanese White Raddish,

Cu Cai Trang,

5 yrs

12-25°C

3-8

none

Dill

3 yrs

10-18°C

7-14

none

Eggplant, Aubergine, Càphaó, Bringal

4 yrs

24-32°C

7-14

none

Endive, Escarole

5 yrs

20-25°C

7-10

none

Fennel, Finocchio

3 yrs

12-20°C

5-12

none

Garlic

*

12-20°C

7-14

seldom sets seed so it is more commonly propagated by division

Gourds, White Flowering, Turk's Cap

5 yrs

20-25°C

7-10

soak overnight then sow swollen seeds direct

Gourds, Yellow Flowering, Ornamental

5 yrs

20-25°C

7-10

sow direct

Kohlrabi

5 yrs

20-25°C

10-14

none

Leek

3 yrs

14-25°C

7-14

none

Lemon Balm

2 yrs

12-20°C

7-15

none

Lemon Grass, Hxa, Sha

0.5 yr

15-28°C

20-50

sow direct, low viability, best propagated by division of culms

Lettuces, Crispheads, Cos, Butterhead, Mignonette

3 yrs

8-30°C

7-10

none

Lovage

3 yrs

12-20°C

10-15

none

Lucerne, Alfalfa

10 yrs

12-20°C

4-8

needs inoculation with nitrogen-fixing rhizobium, unless grown for sprouts

Marjoram, Sweet

3 yrs

20-22°C

8-14

none

Mints, Mentha species and forms

2 yrs

8-20°C

10-22

none

Ngó Gai, Eryngium foetidum

3 yrs

15-28°C

12-48

none

Okra, Gumbo, Ladyfingers

2 yrs

20-34°C

7-14

soak seeds overnight

Onions, Spring, Shallots, Svcallions

3 yrs

20-25°C

7-14

none

Oregano

3 yrs

20-22°C

8-14

none

Parsley, Curly, Italian

1 yr

12-22°C

14-21

soak seeds for 24 hours, then sow direct

Parsnip

0.5 yr

5-20°C

21-27

soak seeds for 24 hours, then sow direct

Peanuts, Ground Nuts

2 yrs

20-30°C

18-30

make sure you secure raw peanuts not roasted!

Peas, Sugar, Snow, Climbers, Asparagus

2 yrs

12-24°C

7-20

sow direct into moist soil, then do not water for 3 days

Pumpkins, Butternut,Qld. Blue, Nuggets, Triamble

7 yrs

20-25°C

7-10

sow direct

Radicchio, Italian Chicory

4 yrs

20-24°C

6-12

none

Radishes, French Breakfast, Globe, Icicle

4 yrs

5-28°C

4-6

sow direct

Rau Munông, Kang kong, Water Spinach

1 yr

20-32°C

10

cuttings are much easier than seed

Rockmelon, Cantaloupe, Sweet, Musk, Honeydew

5 yrs

22-27°C

6-10

sow direct

Rosella, Jamaican Sorrel

2 yrs

22-34°C

7-14

none

Sage

4 yrs

6-18°C

18-30

none

Savory, Summer, Winter

3 yrs

10-20°C

7-14

none

Silver Beet, Swiss Chard, Rainbow Chard

4 yrs

7-20°C

7-12

none, but soaking seed overnight in water produces an even germination

Sorrel, Garden, French

3 yrs

6-15°C

7-12

none

Soybean

3 yrs

22-32°C

12-15

needs inoculation with nitrogen fixing rhizobium and sow direct

Spinach, English, see Warrigal

1 yr

6-18°C

8-12

none

Strawberry, ever-bearing, spring cropping

2 yrs

12-20°C

21-30

none, however stratifying may increase germination, which is often erratic

Sweet Corn, Popping, Indian Maize

2 yrs

2-25°C

5-7

sow direct, beware since most seed varieties are F1 today

Thyme

4 yrs

12-18°C

21-30

none

Tomatoes, Bush, Climbers, Determinate, Indeterminate

4 yrs

21-25°C

4-7

none, but if saving your own seed, wash the inhibitor off, then dry to store

Ts'oi Sum, Golden Cabbage

5 yrs

20-24°C

8-12

none

Turnips, Swedes, Neeps, Hakurei, Rutabaga

1 yr

7-12°C

7-10

sow direct

Warrigal Cabbage, Native or New Zealand Spinach, Tetragonia tetragonioides

4 yrs

10-20°C

10-20

self seeds prolifically on disturbed soil in full sun with good drainage

Watercress, Nasturium officinale

3 yrs

10-15°C

7-10

sow direct on wet media, do not cover as it needs sunlight to germinate

Watermelon

5 yrs

20-25°C

6-8

sow direct

Zucchini, Bush Squash, Acorn Squash

7 yrs

21-25°C

7-10

sow direct